New genetic study reveals why some women get aggressive breast and ovarian cancer
In a recent study published in JAMA Oncology, investigators from the University of Bergen, in collaboration with the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) study in the U.S., reported epigenetic gene silencing in normal tissue to be a predictive factor for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) as well as high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC). These are aggressive tumor types associated with a serious prognosis.
The breast cancer type-1 gene (BRCA1) is the gene most mutated in families with inherited breast and ovarian cancer. In the study, researchers found that women with low-level mosaic methylation of BRCA1 had a 2.5-fold increased risk of TNBC and 1.8-fold increased risk of HGSOC.
Professor Lønning, the investigator leading the study, commented: “These findings may have significant implications to our understanding of how a substantial fraction of these cancers originate. Previously, we detected similar low-level mosaic methylation of BRCA1 in umbilical blood from newborns, indicating that such methylation may develop even before birth.
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